Human Rights Under the 1945 Constitution

Indonesian Positive Law-

Human rights are basic human rights that are carried from birth by every human being. Then to guarantee and protect these human rights, the government regulates them in the 1945 Constitution of the Republic of Indonesia.

In accordance with CHAPTER XA of the Constitution of the Republic of Indonesia of 1945 concerning Human Rights, it is stated that what is included in human rights is as follows:

  1. The right to maintain his life and life.
  2. The right to form a family and continue offspring through legal marriage.
  3. The right to survival, growth, and development, and the right to protection from violence and discrimination.
  4. The right to develop oneself through the fulfillment of its basic needs, the right to get an education and benefit from science and technology, art and culture, in order to improve the quality of life and the welfare of mankind.
  5. The right to advance itself in fighting for its rights collectively and building its society, nation, and country.
  6. The right to recognition, guarantee, protection and fair legal certainty and equal treatment before the law.
  7. The right to work and to be rewarded and treated fairly and decently in employment relations.
  8. The right to equal opportunities in government.
  9. The right to citizenship status.
  10. The right to embrace religion and worship according to one’s religion, choose education and teaching, have a job, choose citizenship, choose a place to live in the territory of the country and leave it, and have the right to return.
  11. The right to freedom of belief, expression of thoughts and attitudes, according to his conscience.
  12. The right to freedom of association, assembly, and expression of opinion.
  13. It has the right to communicate and obtain information in order to develop its personal and social environment, as well as the right to seek, obtain, possess, store, process and convey information using any type of available channel.
  14. The right to the protection of oneself, family, honor, dignity, and property under his control, as well as the right to a sense of security and protection from the threat of fear of doing or not doing something that is a human right.
  15. The right to be free from torture or degrading treatment and the right to political asylum from other countries.
  16. The right to live a prosperous life born and mentally, to live, and to have a good and healthy living environment and the right to obtain health services.
  17. The right to convenience and special treatment to obtain equal opportunities and benefits in order to achieve equality and justice.
  18. The right to social security that allows the development of himself as a whole as a dignified human being.
  19. The right has private property rights and those property rights should not be arbitrarily taken over by anyone
  20. The right to life, the right not to be tortured, the right to freedom of mind and conscience, the right to religion, the right not to be enslaved, and to be recognized as a person before, and the right not to be prosecuted on the basis of retroactive law.
  21. The right to be free from discriminatory treatment on any basis and entitled to protection against the treatment of such discriminatory treatment.
  22. The right to culture as the identity of a traditional society.

The aforementioned matters are human rights mentioned in the Constitution of the Republic of Indonesia, then further regulated in Law Number 39 of 1999 concerning Human Rights. (Rento)(180722)

Pemerhati Hukum dan Permasalahan Sosial

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