Indonesian Positive Law-
The government in order to ensure the implementation of the 1945 Constitution of the Republic of Indonesia which regulates human rights with regard to religious believers in the context of consumer protection has issued Government Regulation Number 31 of 2019 concerning the Implementation of Law Number 33 of 2014 concerning Halal Product Guarantees.
In this description it is stated regarding:
Definition of Halal Products
Halal products are products that have been declared halal in accordance with Islamic law, while what is meant by the Halal Product Process (PPH) is a series of activities to ensure the halalness of products including the provision of materials, processing, storage, packaging, distribution, sales, and presentation of products.
So the process of a product can have a halal certificate starting from the provision of materials, the processing process, its storage, packaging, distribution, to the sale and presentation of a product through inspection by the authorized institution in accordance with the provisions of laws and regulations.
Types of Products with Halal Ethics
The types of products that are required to have a halal certificate are in the form of:
- Goods, which include:
- Chemical products.
- Biological products.
- Genetically modified products.
- Useful goods that are used, used, or utilized.
- Services, which include:
Halal Certified Use Goods
Used, used, or utilized goods that are used are items that originate and / or contain animal elements.
Useful Items Used
The useful items used are in the form of:
- Head covering.
Useful Goods Used
The useful goods used are in the form of:
- Provision of household health.
- Household appliances.
- Worship equipment for Muslims.
- Food and beverage packaging.
- Stationery and office supplies.
Useful Goods Utilized
The useful goods that are used are in the form of medical devices.
Halal Product Guarantee Organizer
The implementation of halal product guarantees is carried out by the minister who organizes government affairs in the field of religion by establishing a Halal Product Guarantee Organizing Agency (BPJPH) which is domiciled under the minister and is also responsible to the minister.
Authority of the Halal Product Guarantee Organizing Agency
The Halal Product Assurance Organizing Agency (BPJPH) has the flexibility as stated in the provisions of Article 4 paragraph (3) of Government Regulation Number 31 of 2019 concerning the Implementation of Law Number 33 of 2014 concerning Halal Product Guarantees as follows:
- Formulate and establish a halal product guarantee policy.
- Establish norms, standards, procedures, and criteria for guaranteeing halal products.
- Issue and revoke halal certificates and halal labels on products.
- Registering halal certificates on foreign products.
- Conducting socialization, education, and publication of halal products.
- Conducting accreditation of halal inspection agencies.
- Registering halal auditors.
- Supervise the guarantee of halal products.
- Cooperating with domestic and foreign institutions in the field of organizing halal products.
Cooperation of the Halal Product Guarantee Organizing Agency
The Halal Product Assurance Organizing Agency (BPJPH) in order to carry out its duties based on its authority can cooperate with other institutions or institutions, this is confirmed in Government Regulation Number 31 of 2019 concerning the Implementation of Law Number 33 of 2013 concerning Halal Product Guarantees, which states that the Halal Product Guarantee Organizing Agency (BPJPH) cooperates with:
- Ministries that administer government law in the fields of, among others:
- Cooperatives and small and medium-sized enterprises.
- Other ministries related to the implementation of halal product guarantees.
- Government, nongovernmental or nonstructural institutions that carry out government duties in the fields of:
- Drug and food control.
- Standardization and conformity assessment.
- Other institutions related to the implementation of halal product guarantees.
- Halal inspection agencies which include:
- Inspection and / or testing of halal products, which are then determined by the Halal Product Assurance Organizing Agency (BPJPH).
- Other duties related to the implementation of halal product guarantees in accordance with their respective duties and functions.
- The Indonesian Ulema Council (MUI) which includes:
- Halal auditor certification.
- Determination of the halalness of the product.
- Accreditation of Halal Inspection Institutions (LPH).
- International in the form of:
- Development of halal product guarantees.
- Conformity assessment.
- Recognition of halal certificates.
The Halal Product Assurance Organizing Agency (BPJPH) after carrying out the halal process stages of a product will issue a halal certificate.
Halal certificate has the meaning as stated in the provisions of Article 1 number 6 of Government Regulation Number 31 of 2019 concerning the Implementation of Law Number 33 of 2014 concerning Halal Product Guarantee is a recognition of halalness issued by the Halal Product Guarantee Organizing Agency based on a written halal fatwa issued by the Indonesian Ulema Council (MUI).
Products circulating and trading in the territory of the unitary state of the Republic of Indonesia are required to have halal certificates except products that do come from forbidden goods, however, for businesses that make products derived from forbidden materials, they are required to include non-halal information on each product. (RenTo) (040822)